History

Look through our timeline to learn the history and story behind Clarendon Palace.

  • 1035 Edward the Confessor

    1065

    Edward the Confessor and his brother Tostig receive news of the Northumbrian rebellion while at Britford, on the western border of what would later become Clarendon Forest.

    Edward’s manor of Broughton (Hants) was nearby.

    1070 William the Conqueror

    1070

    c1070

    William the Conqueror mustered troops at Clarendon, the site was named in documents for the first time in the twelfth century. Romanesque style architecture, widespread use of local Hurdcott greensand, and Caen stone from Normandy.

    1100-1135

    Reign of Henry I

    Henry I probably laid out a park and upgraded a residence, by developing a Romanesque landscape consisting of a giant park and buildings at Clarendon.

     

    1130 Henry I

    1130

    Visit of Henry I and his queen, Adela of Louvain.

    First evidence of a royal visit apart from the production of writs.

    Adela second wife of Henry I

    …47s.5 1/2d. expended in the carriage of wine, corn, the king’s and queen’s robe from Woodstock to Clarendon: and for the allowance of Roger de Causton and for conducting him to [Woodstock] Park, and from Oxford to Winchester.

    The king’s wine and cheeses were forwarded from Southampton in the same year.

    Cheese and wine from Southampton

    1135-1154 Ivychurch priory remains

    1135-1154

    Reign of Stephen

    The Augustinian Ivychurch Priory, on southern border of Clarendon park, was founded during Stephen’s reign. The Priory provided clergy for the palace up ‘Canonsweye’.

    1154 King's falconry mews set up

    1154

    From 1154 mews for the king’s birds of prey at Clarendon documented .

    1154-1189

    reign of Henry II.

     

    1164 Becket & HenryII

    1164

    1164 January.

    Constitutions of Clarendon sealed by Henry II and Archbishop Becket.

    The agreement limits the clergy's legal rights.

    Becket leaves for exile.

    1164

    Herbert of Bosham, present for the Constitutions meeting, describes Clarendon as ‘that noble and pre-eminent mansion, the king’s own, from its name and prominent position called Clarendon’.

    There were perhaps 1800 people present for the meeting.

     

    1166 Assize of Clarendon

    1166

    Assize of Clarendon established jury presentment in every community and vill.

    1167 Turfing

    1167-1168

    ‘turfing’ suggests garden works.

    1170 Murder of Becket at Canterbury

    1170

    Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered in Canterbury cathedral.

    1170s

    digging and creation of the great Wine Cellar (La Roche), where 12C stonework still survives.

    Purbeck columns

    1176

    ‘Marble columns’ brought to Clarendon via Hampshire.

    1176 Forestry

    1176-1177

    Dialogue of the Exchequer (Richard Fitz Nigel) evokes royal ‘separateness’ in use and exploitation of woodland, park and palace.

    1179-80

    Pipe Roll records the carriage of lead and paints (plumbo et coloribus) to Clarendon.

    1199-1216 King John's reign

    1199-1216 Reign of John

    1200 Gyrfalcon

    1200

    1200 c

    Gyrfalcons brought to Clarendon for the king. These were the largest of the hunting birds, and were usually only used by royalty.

    1204 Isabella d'Angouleme

    1207

    During Lent in late March Queen Isabella pregnant with Henry III (born 1 October) escorted to Clarendon by Hugh de Neville.

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