History

Look through our timeline to learn the history and story behind Clarendon Palace.

  • 1216-1272 Henry III and architect

    1216-1272

    Reign of Henry II (‘Champion’ of the Gothic style).

    £3,600 spent on Clarendon, more than on any other of his 20 rural retreats.

    1216 William Longspee illegitimate son Henry II

    1216-17

    William Longespée, illegitimate son of Henry II, is warden of what would later be named Clarendon Forest.

    1220 Salis cath

    1220

    c 1220

    New Sarum (Salisbury) was established and on 28 April, the foundation stones for the Cathedral were laid.

    A Gothic landscape of palace and cathedral was evolving.

    1222 Gifts to Britford anchorite

    1222-55

    Numerous gifts of firewood given by Henry III to an anchorite living in the church at nearby Britford.

    1223

    Earliest written evidence of a (probably pre-existing) park at Clarendon.

    1227 Henry III coronation

    1227

    Henry III came of age. He had been crowned in 1220, aged 13 years.

    1227

    In March, Henry III orders the sheriff of Wiltshire to enclose Clarendon Park, without delay.

     

    1228 Two tuns of wine ordered

    1228

    Two tuns of wine, precursors of regularly increased supplies during the reign.

    One tun contains 252 gallons of wine.

    1228

    Clarendon Forest established.

    Its hereditary wardenship was abolished and it was reconfigured under new administration.

     

    1234-1237 King's new chapel built

    1234-1237

    King’s new chapel built at Clarendon.

    1235-1236

    ‘Majesty of Our Lord’ painted in the nave of the communal All Saints Chapel.

    Story of King Edward the Confessor also painted there.

    1237

    1237-1245

    c 1237-1245

    Traditional dating of kiln and circular pavement in the King's chapel; pavement dated to 1244 .

    1241

    ‘The Great Gate’ (western gatehouse) built.

     

    1244 40,000 shingles ordered

    1244

    New large stable ordered adjacent to ‘old hall’, and a ‘herb garden’ ordered near the ‘old hall’.

    40,000 roofing shingles ordered from Gillingham, Dorset.

    Bream

    Forty bream sent from Taunton.

    Pavement for web

    1244

    The circular pavement was designed and laid in the King's (Henry III) chapel. (On display in the British Museum).

    1245, 1247, 1252

    gardens made for the queen.

    1250

    c 1250

    Queen’s window glass included an image of the queen praying to the Virgin and child.

    ‘Prince Edward’ chamber documented.

     

    1251

    Queen’s new fireplace represented the twelve months of the year carved over the mantel.

    1252

    Queen’s garden ‘remade and improved’, including building fences and a chamber ‘towards the park’.

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